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Obligația judecătorului de a realiza o trimitere preliminară, încălcarea dreptului fundamental de acces la judecătorul CJUE și condițiile din penitenciarele din România

Where doubts concerning the interpretation and application of European Union law arise in proceedings before the regular courts for the review of extradition requests received by way of mutual legal assistance as determined by European Union law, the right to one’s lawful judge requires that the relevant questions be referred to the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) for a preliminary ruling. Failure to comply with the duty of referral incumbent upon regular courts under European Union law does not always violate the guarantee of Art. 101(1) second sentence of the Basic Law (Grundgesetz – GG). The right to one’s lawful judge is violated, however, if an issue is not yet fully resolved in the case-law of the Court of Justice and a regular court exceeds, in an untenable manner, the margin of assessment which it is necessarily afforded when interpreting and applying European Union law. To date, the ECJ has not definitively determined which specific minimum standards derive from Art. 4 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (CFR) in relation to conditions of detention, nor has it clarified the standards of review applicable to detention conditions under European Union law. A regular court certainly exceeds its margin of assessment if it draws on case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) as required under Art. 52(3) CFR, but does so only selectively while adding other considerations and thereby develops European Union law on its own authority. For these reasons, the Second Senate of the Federal Constitutional Court has granted, in an order published today, the relief sought in constitutional complaint proceedings directed against the orders of the Hanseatic Higher Regional Court (Hanseatisches Oberlandesgericht) authorising the complainant’s extradition to Romania and remanded the case to the court.

Notă MMB: cauza a fost retrimisă pe rolul instanței de drept comun pentru ca aceasta să realizeze (obligată de Curtea Constituțională Federală a Germaniei) o trimitere preliminară spre Curtea de Justiție pentru ca aceasta din urmă să se pronunțe cu privire la interpretarea unei dispoziții anume din Carta Drepturilor Fundamentale a Uniunii Europene. Speța privește un cetățean român (pentru detalii, a se vedea aici)

Curtea Constituțională Federală a Germaniei
(Comunicat de presă în limba engleză din data de 11 ianuarie 2018 cu privire la Ordinul din 19 decembrie 2017, Order of 19 December 2017 – 2 BvR 424/17)

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