Apart from ne bis in idem, other reasons may result in a Member State not having the right to prosecute. These relate to time bars, immunities and the failure to comply with various other formalities.
4.3.1. Time Bars to the Prosecution
Regulations may contain specific rules concerning the limitation period for proceedings, rules regarding interruption thereof, and the period for implementing a decision that imposes an administrative penalty. The importance of mentioning this lies in the fact that the limitation periods provided in Regulations are much shorter than those provided in national criminal law for corresponding criminal offences.
(European Criminal Law, Intersentia, a treia ediție, 2016, la p. 297)