The balance between liberty and security is one of several challenges in trying to maintain a sensible equilibrium in the sphere of intelligence. (…) [S]ome information should be legitimately classified, such as agent names, the blueprints of surveillance machines, and plans for security covert operations; nevertheless, virtually every study on the intelligence classification system in the United States has concluded that too many documents are stamped ‘classified’, indeed upward of 85 percent more than needs to be – a stunning imbalance between proper security measures to protect sensitive information, on the one hand, and the public’s right to know about government programs, on the other hand (nota de subsol 29: See for instance, Report of the Commission on Protecting and Reducing Government Secrecy (Moynihan Report, chaired by Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan, D, New York), Senate Document 105-2, 103rd Congress (Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997). See also, Frederic A. O. Schwarz, Jr., Democracy in the Dark: The Seduction of Government Secrecy (New York: New Press, 2015).
Loch K. Johnson
(Spy Watching: Intelligence Accountability in the United States, Oxford University Press, 2018, la p. 8)