From our thirteen jurisdictions, Germany comes arguably closest to the primus inter pares type. Post-war German jurists have placed a strong emphasis on the independent of individual judges and set the strict limits on how court presidents may interact with rank and file judges. Cases are assigned strictly on random basis according to the criteria set in advance. Even the general rules on the case assignment are not stipulated by court presients but by the Judicial Board (Praesidium) of each court. Though the court president is a member of this board, regular judges have a majority there. Moreover, regular judges can challenged the assignment of a particular case before administrative courts if they believe that the rules of case assignment were breached. The Judicial Service Courts have also forbidden court presidents from making any remarks that might influence the future performance of judges, even on matters on case management and efficiency.
Adam Blisa, David Kosai
(Courts Presidents: The Missing Piece in the Puzzle of Judicial Governance, German Law Journal, vol. 19, nr. 7, decembrie 2018, la pp. 2061-2062, disponibil GRATUIT aici)